Tongyeong in Gyeongsangnam-do where the history
of Korea cruise sailing began.
Looking into the history of sailing competition in Tongyeong, it began from lighters(Tonggumi) that our ancestors made.... Tongyeong Fisheries College(now the College of Marine Sciences at Gyeongsang National University) was known to operate a sailing club in the late 1930s, and its student sailors travelled between Dongho bay and Busan, and Tongyeong Yeosu, as a part of ocean training programs in the era of Japanese invasion.
Student sailors of Tongyeong Fisheries College(now the College of Marine Sciences at Gyeongsang National University) in the late 1930s
After independence from Japan on August 15, 1945, there were some sailing tournaments - a competition between cadets of the Naval Academy and students of Tongyeong Fisheries College around 1950, a regatta in Tongyeong to celebrate the establishment of Admiral Yisunsin's statue in 1953, a tournament of Tonggumi, a traditional lighter, and a rowing competition in Dongchung of Hangnam-dong during the 3rd Great Battle of Hansan Festival in 1964, which suggest sailing events similar to today's yachting competitions were popular from the past.(CHOE Jeong-Guy Tongyeong Sports History, 2010)
Sailboats competition held in the Great Battel of Hansan Festival in front of Dongchung, Hyanam-dong, 1964
The Turtle Ship, also known as the first spearheading ships in the world, played a decisive role in
leading numerous naval battles to victory of the Joseon Dynasty during the Imjin War, or a Japanese
invasion from 1592 to 1598. Admiral Yi Sun-sin redesigned and transformed the Panokseon(a
board-roofed ship), which was a main battleship of the Joseon navy, to the Turtle Ship.
The Turtle Ship was a naval fighter built by Korea’s own shipbuilding method and technology. It is made of sturdy pine trees with a thickness of more than 12cm and by using wooden nails instead of metal ones, easy to be rusted, in a shock-resistant method. Thanks to these favorable designs, the Turtle Ship was able to perform aggressive battle tactics by crashing and sinking enemy battleships.
It is known that there were two types of the Turtle Ship. One was called Tongjeyeong Turtle Ship which was 28.1m in length, 6.7m in height, and 9.5m in width and accommodated up to 160 people on board. There were ten oars, twelve cannon holes, and two doors on each side of the ship.
The other one was called Jeonla-Jwasuyeong Turtle Ship which was 20.24m in length, 6.1m in height, and 7.5m in width and accommodated some 130 people on board. The upper deck was covered with boards and awl knives to prevent the enemy from entering into the ship and to protect our soldiers from enemy’s shooting. There were eight oars, ten cannon holes, and two doors on each side of the ship. In addition, there were two canons on each side under dragon’s head installed, and ghost’s head sculpted and attached beneath them.
Until the early 1980s, a Korean traditional fishing boat, Tongguming, was the most widely used for fishing. In the Joseon Dynasty, Tongguming with a length of 7m served as a spy ship to monitor enemy’s movements before main battleships were engaged in a fight because of its high speed and small size. A real Tongguming is displayed in the Tongyeong Fisheries Science Museum.